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Proving and Treating a Brain Injury

Proving and Treating a Brain Injury

A permanent brain injury may be difficult to recognize or prove. Changes in a person’s behavior or personality may be subtle. In any case, the earlier a brain injury is diagnosed, the earlier a person can begin a treatment program. If you, or a loved one, have suffered a brain injury you should contact a lawyer with experience in brain injury-related legal claims to discuss your options.

Diagnostic Tools

Symptoms of brain damage can vary in type and severity. The effects largely depend on the degree of injury and the portion of the brain affected. In general, anyone who has sustained a serious blow to the head should see a doctor to determine if they should undergo diagnostic analysis.

There are a variety of physical, mental, and psychological tests that medical professionals use to determine the severity and effects of a brain injury. Following is a brief description of some diagnostic tools.


Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive process that uses magnets to create nondestructive, three-dimensional, internal images of the soft tissues of the body. It is often used to analyze the brain, spinal cord and muscle.

CT Scan

A computed tomography (CT scan) is often referred to as a CAT scan. It is a computer-assisted x-ray procedure that produces cross-sectional images of the body. This procedure is usually noninvasive and brief in duration.

PET Scan

Position Emission Tomography scanning (PET scan) uses a small amount of a radioactive tracer to create a view of a “slice” of a scanned object. This type of diagnostic tool is helpful for brain injury patients because it can show how and where the brain is functioning.


EEG is an abbreviation for an Electroencephalography procedure. An EEG is the graphic recording of electric waves created in the brain. It is recorded through surface electrodes that are placed on the scalp.

Functional Tests for Brain Damage

In addition to the abovementioned procedures, medical and psychological professionals use functional tests that analyze:

  • Vision and eye movement
  • Facial expression and reactions to stimuli
  • Hearing
  • Muscular movement
  • Personality
  • Memory

Treatment and Therapy

Treatment and therapy will greatly depend on the extent and nature of the injury. For example, a person may need physical and occupational rehabilitation to condition muscles and relearn life skills. Generally, the earlier treatment begins the better the outcome.


A brain injury can be devastating for both the person injured and their family. Therapy, medical treatment and supplies can be exceedingly expensive. A legal claim can help you secure financial assistance from the party responsible for the injury. If you, or a loved one, have suffered a brain injury you should contact a lawyer who is experienced in handling brain injury-related legal claims to discuss your options.

DISCLAIMER: This site and any information contained herein are intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Seek competent legal counsel for advice on any legal matter.